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Coronavirus: The Epidemic that Rocked the World

Coronavirus: The Epidemic that Rocked the World

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The pandemic has left many confused and scared about the new virus that has forced them into self-isolation and confinement. This article addresses the known facts of the virus and how it works.

COVID-19: A Battle

COVID-19: A Battle

Coronavirus is a newly identified bat virus with the name SARS-CoV-2 and has caused the worldwide pandemic of upper respiratory illness. The virus is named “SARS-CoV-2” while the onset of the virus in the body is termed “COVID-19”. You might ask yourself why is it named with the origin of SARS?

While coronavirus is a strain of the SARS family otherwise known as “severe acute respiratory syndrome” which broke out in 2004, coronavirus seems to be spreading much faster but is also seen to cause a less severe illness. The focus on the spread of the pandemic has been the talk of the world, but nothing much is known about the virus itself more than often. It’s time for the science behind the virus to awaken our minds!   

Corona virus global impact

The Coronavirus constitutes a subfamily of the Orthocoronvirinae, it has the largest size of 26 to 32 kilobases which is subsequently the largest size among RNA viruses, when compared in a more affordable term it is only 100 nm in diameter, a forbidden speckle of dust in the body. The name coronavirus means “crown” or “wreath” and is derived from its characteristic club-shaped spikes. Human coronaviruses were discovered fairly recently in the 1960s, which can explain why the newest form of the virus has peaked in multiple nations without a cure.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club-like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

The genome of the virus or simply put “amount of DNA” in the novel virus is a positive sense single stranded RNA, meaning that it can be directly replicated within the human cells and multiply rapidly in the body without needing to reach the human nucleus or “center of DNA replication” to infect the body. The virus is able to infect the cell by entering the cell by endocytosis or “ingesting the cell” or directly binding to its host membrane which can greatly speed up the rate of infection.

The viral progeny or the “virus babies” infiltrate the human body by exocytosis or simply by killing the cell through bursting and harming many cells in a short period of time.  This virus usually affects the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract or the outer layer of cells protecting the lungs and throat. It is called an upper respiratory tract infection because it affects the upper regions of the body such as the lungs, throat, and mouth.

Corona Virus Vs. SARS

Covid-19 Vs SARS

We keep hearing that the virus has come from a bat, but how did it originate and transfer from the bat species to humans? The most recent ancestor of the coronavirus or the entire group of viruses is known as the MCRA which dates back to 8000 BC implying long-term coevolution with bats and birds. Many human coronaviruses have origins in bats, and more recently MERS-CoV emerged in humans from bats through an intermediate host of camels, and the SARS-CoV emerged in 1986 which relates most closely to the virus today. The SARS-CoV virus first infected leaf-nose bats then spread to horseshoe bats, next to Asian palm civets (also bats!), and finally to humans.

The coronavirus infection in humans varies significantly in its risk factor, it is estimated to kill more than 30% of the population it infects which can be related to MERS-CoV and the relatively harmless common cold whose death rate is almost negligible. The symptoms of coronavirus include fever, sore throat, and more severe symptoms such as pneumonia or bronchitis.

The human coronavirus discovered in 2003, called SARS-CoV has a unique pathogenesis as such which causes both upper and lower respiratory tract infections. COVID-19 emerged in Wuhan, China and was traced as a novel coronavirus with at least 660,000 deaths and approximately 17,000,00 infected with about 70% of its genetic composition relating to SARS-CoV and also has a 96% similarity to the bat virus. Currently, there are no conclusive vaccines or antiviral drugs discovered but international rules for quarantining and safe distancing have been set around the world as the coronavirus pandemic continues to spread.

Coronavirus Prevention Tips

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

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It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

It was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope.

The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope. Corona Corona CoronaCorona CoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCoronaCorona

vdIt was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

vdIt was first isolated in the United States of America and the United Kingdom, a scientist with the name Bertil Hoorn was able to cultivate the virus extracted from a young boy which was initially thought to be the common cold and was able to inoculate or give immunity to patients who had the “cold” by using inactivated ether to discover its lipid or fatty envelope. The Thomas Hospital in London was able to discover the club like spikes on the virus in 1967, and the National Institute of Health was able to isolate a new member of the group named in the virus strain OC43 (named organ culture) which had distinctive club like spikes when seen under the electron microscope.

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